Pre-Disaster : Individual :

  • Know the route of the nearest safe shelter
  • First Aid Kit should be ready with extra medicines for snake bite and diarrhea.
  • Tie up all valuables at the top of the roof
  • Radio with extra batteries, torch, ropes to be kept ready
  • Store dry ration, kerosene, biscuits, baby food for at least 7 days
  • Water proof bags, polythenes to store clothes and valuables
  • Be ready with umbrella & bamboo sticks (To protect yourself from snake
  • Identify a highland/mound for the cattle & have sufficient fodder for them
  • As soon as you receive warning tune to the local news in the radio/TV for the latest update
  • Check your emergency kits
  • If you have to evacuate pack clothes, essential medicines, valuables, personal papers in a water proof bags
  • Inform the DMT member to the place that you are shifting to
  • Raise furniture and appliances to a higher place
  • Switch off all electrical appliances
  • Put sandbags in the toilet bowl and cover all sewage backflow
  • Lock your house and take the route suggested
  • Don‘t go into water of unknown depth and current.
  • Don‘t spread rumors. Get authentic data and then announce it
  • Don‘t go into water of unknown depth and current.

Government Preparedness:

  • Update all the resource inventory
  • Control room should be functional for 24 hours 130
  • Identify all the shelter places where people could be evacuated
  • Activate all the First Aid and the Rescue & Evacuation team
  • See to it that there is no blockage in the flow of the river
  • Ascertain the availability of dry food, drinking water & medicines
  • Ascertain the fodder availability for cattle
  • Mobilize boats, vehicles which will help in evacuation and rescue operation and also in the distribution of relief
  • Prior storage of food grains in the vulnerable pockets
  • Identify the relief centers
  • Inspect, strengthen and repair all the approach roads and culverts
  • Provide mobile wireless sets the villages likely to be cut off
  • Arrange adequate hand pumps where wells are likely to be inundated
  • Liaison with army, Navy etc.
  • Prepare maps of alternate route, resources available


During - Disaster: Individual:

  • Drink boiled water or put halogen tablets
  • Keep food covered. Don‘t take heavy meals and eat food that is hot
  • Use raw tea, rice water, coconut water during diarrhea
  • Be careful of snakebites
  • Don‘t let children stay in empty stomach
  • Avoid entering flood water. Stay away from water which is above knee depth.



  • Carry out rescue and evacuation
  • Operation of control room and provide warning update
  • Provide relief materials
  • Mobilizing resources like boat, dry food, temporary shelter
  • Ensuring the availability of medicines, drinking water, tankers etc
  • Coordination at various levels and agencies
  • Mobile health units to be made available 131
  • Damage assessment of life, livestock, crop and livelihood.


Post -Disaster: Individual:

  • Listen to the latest flood bulletin before moving from the shelter place
  • Use recommended routes to return back
  • Dry all electrical equipments before using it
  • Avoid touching any loose wire
  • Beware of snake bites
  • Clean the house and disinfect the surrounding by using bleaching powder.



  • Rescue people who are stranded
  • Restore roads and power supply
  • Provide safe drinking water
  • Check outbreak of any epidemics
  • Mobile health teams to be mobilized
  • Take the help of the NGOs
  • Carry out damage assessment
  • Ensure that adequate, timely and speedy credit is available to the farmers for purchasing agricultural inputs and cattle